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Daily Briefs


Photo : NTI/Dawn

24 July 2020, Friday, Vol 1, No.87

NTI Index on nuclear security says, that Pakistan is the most improved country in 2020



Latest report from the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) making a positive statement on the security of nuclear materials in Pakistan, Malaysia reinducting pilots with licences from Pakistan

PR Daily Brief | PR Team

In Brief
NTI Index on nuclear security says, that Pakistan is the most improved country in 2020

The 2020 index of the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI), has made a positive note on Pakistan, when compared to the previous years.

On nuclear materials security, the report says: "Most improved among countries with materials in 2020 is Pakistan, which improved its overall score by adopting new on-site physical protection and cybersecurity regulations, improving insider threat protection measures, and more. Pakistan’s score improvement for regulatory measures is the second largest improvement for regulations in the Index since 2012."

According to the NTI Index, "Australia ranks first for the fifth time with the best nuclear security conditions among the 22 countries with weapons-usable nuclear materials and for the third time in the sabotage ranking of 46 countries and Taiwan that have nuclear facilities at which an act of sabotage would result in a dangerous release of radiation."

The NTI index has looked at the security of nuclear materials and nuclear facilities. On the security of nuclear materials, "Pakistan improved its score by 7 points and is the most improved country with weapons-usable nuclear materials. Its Security and Control Measures score increased by 25 points due to actions to strengthen its regulations. It also increased its score in Global Norms by 1 point because it subscribed to a nuclear security INFCIRC. Pakistan scores high (67-100) in Domestic Commitments and Capacity, medium (34-66) in both Security and Control Measures and Global Norms, and low (0-33) in Quantities and Sites, owing to its continued increases in quantities of weapons-usable nuclear materials, and low in Risk Environment."

On the security of nuclear facilities, "Pakistan improved its score by 5 points. Its score increased due to actions to strengthen its regulations, which boosted its score in Security and Control Measures by 15 points. Pakistan scores high (67-100) in Domestic Commitments and Capacity and medium (34-66) in both Security and Control Measures and Global Norms. It scores low (0-33) in Risk Environment. Key steps to fill gaps include: (1) Strengthening regulations on insider threat prevention, (2) Requiring security culture assessments, (3) Ratifying the International Convention for the Suppression of Nuclear Terrorism, (4) Taking voluntary actions to support the IAEA, such as contributing to the Nuclear Security Fund and participating at the IAEA International Conference on Nuclear Security at the ministerial level, as in prior years, (5) Building confidence by hosting regular nuclear security peer reviews, including International Physical Protection Advisory Service missions. (6) Subscribing to INFCIRC/869, (7) Submitting information to the IAEA as required by article 14.1 of the amended Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material." ("Score Details and Comparisons for Pakistan," NTI Nuclear Security Index)

Follow tomorrow's Evening Brief to know more about the above report/index tomorrow.
 


Civil Aviation Authority of Malaysia reinstates Pakistani pilots
The Civil Aviation Authority of Malaysia stated that all Pakistani pilots currently employed in the country hold valid licences and has reinstated them. 18 Pakistani pilot licence holders in Malaysia were verified by the Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority. This development comes after the pilots were suspended earlier this month after authorities in Pakistan announced that a third of the country's pilots might have falsified their qualifications and possess dubious licence. ("Malaysia reinstates Pakistani pilots," Dawn, 24 July 2020)

PK-8303 accident, a systemic failure or human-made error: Editor Dr Nasir Afghan
According to the editor, the PK-8303 accident cannot be attributed to isolated human errors but instead to the dysfunctional and defective system and poor safety-culture behaviours within the overall aviation-system of Pakistan. As the accident was a 'systemic failure' due to defective organizational processes which may lead to individuals and teams making errors. He also highlighted, the next investigation report should look into what systemic level errors and violations were committed by the cockpit crew and the controllers. ("Systemic failure or human error"The News International, 24 July 2020)

PROVINCES 
Blast in Parachinar market injures 17
On 23 July, 17 people were wounded when a bomb exploded at a busy market in Parachinar, the headquarters of Kurram tribal district. The Deputy Superintendent Police (DSP) stated that the explosive device was fitted inside a handcart loaded with fruits and vegetables, which was parked in Turi market adding that an improvised explosive device had caused the blast. This is the third bomb blast to have occurred in Kurram tribal district since May. Soon after the explosion protests, an angry mob clashed with law enforcers, however, with the area being cornered the protesters proceeded towards the press club where they staged a sit-in camp where they voiced their criticism over the inefficiency of law enforcement agencies and failure of the administration. ("17 hurt in Parachinar market blast," Dawn, 24 July 2020)

CPEC
COVID-19 has not affected CPEC projects: Officials 
On 23 July, in a webinar on 'New Oppor­tunities and Challenges of China-Pakistan Cooperation in the Post-Epidemic Era', organized by Pakistan-China Institute, officials and think tank representative stated that China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) projects have not only remained intact by the COVID-19 pandemic but Pak-China bilateral cooperation has increased during this period. Chinese Ambassador Yao Jing further stated that the cooperation between the two countries during the pandemic and the assistance Pakistan received from China during this time. Further, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and Chairman of the PCI Senator stated the strengthening of Pak-China bilateral relations has been a positive development amid the pandemic. Further, other officials and representative commented on the importance of the projects and the impact it will have in the region. ("CPEC projects unaffected by Covid-19, say officials," Dawn, 24 July 2020)

ON INDIA
NA fails to bring in specific law in Kulbhushan Jadhav case

On 23 July, the opposition party strongly opposed the proceeding prevented in the ordinance for third consular access to Kulbhushan Jadhav with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) verdict. The PPP chairman said, "The opposition's conscience does not allow [us] to let the session continue with the ordinance on its agenda". The opposition member walked out the assembly hall after the two sides accused each other of succumbing to international pressure and trying to take the lead in appeasing India and raise slogans, "Modi Ka Jo Yar Hai Ghaddar Hai". ("Govt move to lay Jadhav -specific law in NA fails"Dawn, 24 July 2020)

India's ties with its neighbors are gradually becoming tense, says Pakistan Foreign Minister
On 23 July, Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi scorned India for antagonizing its neighbours. He said, "Be it Pakistan, China, Nepal, or Bangladesh, India's ties with its neighbors are gradually becoming tense". He emphasized on the Hindutva mindset behaviour as a cause for the increasing problems. India's involvement in Iran's Chabahar project has been an irritant for Pakistan and Iran's cooperation, as Islamabad always viewed India's involvement with suspicion.

Foreign Office spokesperson Aisha Farooqui told India has not as yet responded to Pakistan's offer for third consular access to Kulbhushan Jadhav saying, "We hope that rather than using its usual dilatory and obfuscatory tactics, India will cooperate with Pakistan's courts to give effect to the Judgment of the ICJ". ("FM says India irritating all of its neighbours"Dawn, 24 July 2020)

 


"Most improved among countries with materials in 2020 is Pakistan, which improved its overall score by adopting new on-site physical protection and cybersecurity regulations, improving insider threat protection measures, and more. Pakistan’s score improvement for regulatory measures is the second largest improvement for regulations in the Index since 2012"

-  NTI Index 2020 on Nuclear materials security (NTI INdex 2020)

 

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