Daily Briefs

Photo : An IED attack in Quetta in April 2019. Dawn

25 November 2019, Wednesday

Terrorism declines in Balochistan during 2019

A government data says there is a 33 per cent decline in terror attacks in 2019

PR Daily Brief | D. Suba Chandran

25 November 2019, Wednesday

In the news

According to data released by the Balochistan government, terror attacks in 2019 have declined by 33 per cent, when compared to last year. During 2019, 145 people including 75 security personnel were killed in 190 cases of terrorism. In 2018, 313 people were killed in 284 terrorist attacks.

Issues in the background

Violence in Balochistan was not a monolith. There were four sets of violence – led by the Baloch nationalist militant groups against the state; by local tribesmen focused intra and inter-tribal feuds; violence led by the Pakistan Taliban; and finally, the during the recent years by the ISIS affiliate within Balochistan. Of the four, the last two were predominantly sectarian in nature, with the Hazara community in Quetta being the primary target.

The violence led by Baloch nationalist militant groups have come done during the recent years, primarily due to strong anti-militancy operations undertaken by the State. Pakistani Taliban did unleash a few high-profile attacks including a suicide attack in April 2019.

In 2019, the nature of violence continues to remain sectarian in nature. In terms of number, it may have come down when compared with the peak in 2013, when more than 500 people, primarily the Hazara community were killed. However, in terms of percentage of attacks, sectarian violence continues to remain high within Balochistan in terms of numbers and intensity.

But for the people, the larger problem in Balochistan is the status of disappeared/missing persons. While the violence of the non-state actors has a number and data, violence led by the state actors has not been tabulated. The case of missing and the struggle of parents, wives and children in Karachi and Lahore in front of the media houses would underline a larger unnoticed issue of violence in Balochistan.

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